Emergency Preparedness Framework
Emergency plans in 1Plan are more than response protocols, they are all-hazards emergency plans that comply with the latest National Incident Management System (NIMS) and Incident Command System (ICS) guidelines. 1Plan supports the needs of the school district, schools, early learning centers, athletic complexes and support facilities.
The K-12 1PLAN
Imagine an emergency and place that emergency as an “X’ on a timeline. Everything after “X is response and everything before “X” is our opportunity to prepare for that emergency. 1Plan is an emergency preparedness framework designed to help schools get before “X”
1PLAN is Best Practice Based
Like the Incident Command System (ICS), 1Plan uses plain language. There are no code phrases to memorize. The premise is simple – the more important the emergency, the more vital it is that everyone understands what to do.
For emergencies that impact or may impact the entire campus, there are four core actions: 1) Active Threat Lockdown 2) Heightened Security 3) Evacaute 4) Shelter in Place. When communicating these actions use plain language to make certain everyone understands. All 1Plan core actions are enacted using plain language. Below is our one page Basic Guide. This Basic Guide supports the comprehensive 1Plan district and campus emergency plans.
Active Threat Lockdown
This is used in response to an active threat, like an active shooter. While a classic lockdown might be the best response, Active Threat Lockdown empowers teachers to enact the Run, Hide, Fight survival options. These options are recommended as a best practice for schools by FEMA, U.S. Department of Education, Department of Justice, and the F.B.I.
This action is used in response to a potential human-based threat, when the threat is outside the school. Referring to this action as “Heightened Security’” and not “lockdown” or “lock out” eliminates the risk of confusing the emergency with an actual active shooter.
This action is used to move students outside the schools in a controlled manner. This is far more common and likely than the “Run” option which is only used during an Active Threat when students have direct contact with an attacker or their location cannot be secured.
Shelter in Place
This action moves students, in a controlled manner, to a shelter location inside the school. Shelter in Place is used in response to severe weather, or the release of hazardous materials near the school. It is not used in response to a human threat.
Stop the Bleeding
1Plan also includes resources and training that embrace the very latest homeland security efforts to educate the public on emergency first aid to stop the bleeding.
No emergency plan can account for every possible scenario. 1Plan embraces the Observe-Orient-Decide-Act decision making cycle that was designed by Air Force Colonel John Boyd. By combining best practice emergency plans with engaging eLearning training courses, 1Plan empowers staff to act.
The benefits of 1Plan and the ERIP system are unmatched. With standardized plans, training become more effective.
In an emergency, the district and school or schools likely have the same goals, but typically have different functions. The district provides support and guidance, while the school or schools manage the emergency. Under the Incident Command System or ICS, the district would be referred to as Area Command and each impacted school would have its own command structure.
Because they have unique functions, the district and school needs separate plans. In 1Plan the District Plan and Campus/School Template follow the same format and common language, but the content reflects their unique missions.
District Emergency Operations Plan
This section contains basic policies and an overview of the basic district’s emergency planning framework. It can be easily customized to support state laws and district policies.
ANNEXES and RESOURCES
Contains emergency support annexes, which provide information that supports emergency response and management. Annexes and resources can be easily added (or removed) to support district needs.
District Emergency Response Quick Reference Guide (QRG):
Contains hazard specific guides, emergency contact numbers and emergency management information for the school distirct. Content of this QRG is fully customizable to account for area hazards and resources.
Campus/School Emergency Response Plans
Each school campus and support facility shall maintain an Emergency Response Plan (ERP) that outlines how each facility may respond to an emergency. Each ERP is consistent with the NIMS guidelines and area hazards outlined in this EOP. The format for the ERPs is:
This section contains basic policies and an overview of the school or campus emergency planning framework. This section is based off of the District EOP Part 1.
ANNEXES and RESOURCES
Contains emergency support annexes, which provide information that supports emergency response and management. Content may be added for removed based on campus needs.
Campus Emergency Response Quick Reference Guide (QRGs):
Contains hazards specific guides, emergency contact numbers and emergency management information for the school or campus. Campus QRG’s are fully customizable to refelect local hazards and campus resoruces.